Abstract Class yii\caching\Cache

继承yii\caching\Cache » yii\base\Component » yii\base\BaseObject
实现yii\base\Configurable, yii\caching\CacheInterface
子类yii\caching\ApcCache, yii\caching\ArrayCache, yii\caching\DbCache, yii\caching\DummyCache, yii\caching\FileCache, yii\caching\MemCache, yii\caching\WinCache, yii\caching\XCache, yii\caching\ZendDataCache
可用自版本2.0
源代码 https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/caching/Cache.php

Cache is the base class for cache classes supporting different cache storage implementations.

A data item can be stored in the cache by calling set() and be retrieved back later (in the same or different request) by get(). In both operations, a key identifying the data item is required. An expiration time and/or a dependency can also be specified when calling set(). If the data item expires or the dependency changes at the time of calling get(), the cache will return no data.

A typical usage pattern of cache is like the following:

$key = 'demo';
$data = $cache->get($key);
if ($data === false) {
    // ...generate $data here...
    $cache->set($key, $data, $duration, $dependency);
}

Because Cache implements the ArrayAccess interface, it can be used like an array. For example,

$cache['foo'] = 'some data';
echo $cache['foo'];

Derived classes should implement the following methods which do the actual cache storage operations:

  • getValue(): retrieve the value with a key (if any) from cache
  • setValue(): store the value with a key into cache
  • addValue(): store the value only if the cache does not have this key before
  • deleteValue(): delete the value with the specified key from cache
  • flushValues(): delete all values from cache

For more details and usage information on Cache, see the guide article on caching.

公共属性

隐藏继承的属性

属性类型描述定义在
$behaviors yii\base\Behavior[] 附加到此组件的行为列表. 该属性是只读的. yii\base\Component
$defaultDuration integer Default duration in seconds before a cache entry will expire. yii\caching\Cache
$keyPrefix string A string prefixed to every cache key so that it is unique globally in the whole cache storage. yii\caching\Cache
$serializer null|array|false The functions used to serialize and unserialize cached data. yii\caching\Cache

公共方法

隐藏继承的方法

方法描述定义在
__call() 调用不是类方法的指定的方法. yii\base\Component
__clone() 在通过克隆现有对象创建对象之后调用此方法. yii\base\Component
__construct() 构造函数. yii\base\BaseObject
__get() 返回组件属性的值. yii\base\Component
__isset() 检查属性是否已设置, 即已定义且不为null. yii\base\Component
__set() 设置组件属性的值. yii\base\Component
__unset() 将组件属性设置为null. yii\base\Component
add() Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key. yii\caching\Cache
attachBehavior() 将行为附加到此组件. yii\base\Component
attachBehaviors() 将行为列表附加到组件. yii\base\Component
behaviors() 返回此组件应该具有的行为列表. yii\base\Component
buildKey() Builds a normalized cache key from a given key. yii\caching\Cache
canGetProperty() 返回一个值, 指示属性是否可读取. yii\base\Component
canSetProperty() 返回一个值, 指示属性是否可设置. yii\base\Component
className() 返回此类的完全限定名称. yii\base\BaseObject
delete() Deletes a value with the specified key from cache. yii\caching\Cache
detachBehavior() 从组件中分离一个行为. yii\base\Component
detachBehaviors() 分离组件中的所有行为. yii\base\Component
ensureBehaviors() 确保在 behaviors() 中声明的行为已附加到此组件. yii\base\Component
exists() Checks whether a specified key exists in the cache. yii\caching\Cache
flush() Deletes all values from cache. yii\caching\Cache
get() Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
getBehavior() 返回指定的行为对象. yii\base\Component
getBehaviors() 返回附加到此组件的所有行为. yii\base\Component
getOrSet() Method combines both set() and get() methods to retrieve value identified by a $key, or to store the result of $callable execution if there is no cache available for the $key. yii\caching\Cache
hasEventHandlers() 返回一个值, 指示是否有任何处理程序附加到指定的事件. yii\base\Component
hasMethod() 返回一个值, 指示方法是否已定义. yii\base\Component
hasProperty() 返回一个值, 指示属性是否已定义. yii\base\Component
init() 初始化对象. yii\caching\Cache
madd() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
mget() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
mset() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
multiAdd() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
multiGet() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
multiSet() Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key. yii\caching\Cache
off() 从该组件分离现有的事件处理程序. yii\base\Component
offsetExists() Returns whether there is a cache entry with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
offsetGet() Retrieves the value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
offsetSet() Stores the value identified by a key into cache. yii\caching\Cache
offsetUnset() Deletes the value with the specified key from cache This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess. yii\caching\Cache
on() 将事件处理程序附加到事件. yii\base\Component
set() Stores a value identified by a key into cache. yii\caching\Cache
trigger() 触发事件. yii\base\Component

受保护的方法

隐藏继承的方法

方法描述定义在
addValue() Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key. yii\caching\Cache
addValues() Adds multiple key-value pairs to cache. yii\caching\Cache
deleteValue() Deletes a value with the specified key from cache This method should be implemented by child classes to delete the data from actual cache storage. yii\caching\Cache
flushValues() Deletes all values from cache. yii\caching\Cache
getValue() Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key. yii\caching\Cache
getValues() Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys. yii\caching\Cache
setValue() Stores a value identified by a key in cache. yii\caching\Cache
setValues() Stores multiple key-value pairs in cache. yii\caching\Cache

属性详情

$defaultDuration public 属性 (可用自版本: 2.0.11)

Default duration in seconds before a cache entry will expire. Default value is 0, meaning infinity. This value is used by set() if the duration is not explicitly given.

$keyPrefix public 属性

A string prefixed to every cache key so that it is unique globally in the whole cache storage. It is recommended that you set a unique cache key prefix for each application if the same cache storage is being used by different applications.

To ensure interoperability, only alphanumeric characters should be used.

public string $keyPrefix null
$serializer public 属性

The functions used to serialize and unserialize cached data. Defaults to null, meaning using the default PHP serialize() and unserialize() functions. If you want to use some more efficient serializer (e.g. igbinary), you may configure this property with a two-element array. The first element specifies the serialization function, and the second the deserialization function. If this property is set false, data will be directly sent to and retrieved from the underlying cache component without any serialization or deserialization. You should not turn off serialization if you are using cache dependency, because it relies on data serialization. Also, some implementations of the cache can not correctly save and retrieve data different from a string type.

public null|array|false $serializer null

方法详情

add() public 方法

Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key.

Nothing will be done if the cache already contains the key.

public boolean add ( $key, $value, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$value mixed

The value to be cached

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return boolean

Whether the value is successfully stored into cache

addValue() protected abstract 方法

Stores a value identified by a key into cache if the cache does not contain this key.

This method should be implemented by child classes to store the data in specific cache storage.

protected abstract boolean addValue ( $key, $value, $duration )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value mixed

The value to be cached. Most often it's a string. If you have disabled $serializer, it could be something else.

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

return boolean

True if the value is successfully stored into cache, false otherwise

addValues() protected 方法

Adds multiple key-value pairs to cache.

The default implementation calls addValue() multiple times add values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multi-add, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array addValues ( $data, $duration )
$data array

Array where key corresponds to cache key while value is the value stored.

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

return array

Array of failed keys

buildKey() public 方法

Builds a normalized cache key from a given key.

If the given key is a string containing alphanumeric characters only and no more than 32 characters, then the key will be returned back prefixed with $keyPrefix. Otherwise, a normalized key is generated by serializing the given key, applying MD5 hashing, and prefixing with $keyPrefix.

public string buildKey ( $key )
$key mixed

The key to be normalized

return string

The generated cache key

delete() public 方法

Deletes a value with the specified key from cache.

public boolean delete ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be deleted from cache. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return boolean

If no error happens during deletion

deleteValue() protected abstract 方法

Deletes a value with the specified key from cache This method should be implemented by child classes to delete the data from actual cache storage.

protected abstract boolean deleteValue ( $key )
$key string

The key of the value to be deleted

return boolean

If no error happens during deletion

exists() public 方法

Checks whether a specified key exists in the cache.

This can be faster than getting the value from the cache if the data is big. In case a cache does not support this feature natively, this method will try to simulate it but has no performance improvement over getting it. Note that this method does not check whether the dependency associated with the cached data, if there is any, has changed. So a call to get() may return false while exists returns true.

public boolean exists ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the cached value. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return boolean

True if a value exists in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired.

flush() public 方法

Deletes all values from cache.

Be careful of performing this operation if the cache is shared among multiple applications.

public boolean flush ( )
return boolean

Whether the flush operation was successful.

flushValues() protected abstract 方法

Deletes all values from cache.

Child classes may implement this method to realize the flush operation.

protected abstract boolean flushValues ( )
return boolean

Whether the flush operation was successful.

get() public 方法

Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key.

public mixed get ( $key )
$key mixed

A key identifying the cached value. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

return mixed

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache, expired, or the dependency associated with the cached data has changed.

getOrSet() public 方法 (可用自版本: 2.0.11)

Method combines both set() and get() methods to retrieve value identified by a $key, or to store the result of $callable execution if there is no cache available for the $key.

Usage example:

public function getTopProducts($count = 10) {
    $cache = $this->cache; // Could be Yii::$app->cache
    return $cache->getOrSet(['top-n-products', 'n' => $count], function () use ($count) {
        return Products::find()->mostPopular()->limit($count)->all();
    }, 1000);
}
public mixed getOrSet ( $key, $callable, $duration null, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$callable callable|Closure

The callable or closure that will be used to generate a value to be cached. If you use $callable that can return false, then keep in mind that getOrSet() may work inefficiently because the yii\caching\Cache::get() method uses false return value to indicate the data item is not found in the cache. Thus, caching of false value will lead to unnecessary internal calls.

$duration integer

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, $defaultDuration value will be used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return mixed

Result of $callable execution

getValue() protected abstract 方法

Retrieves a value from cache with a specified key.

This method should be implemented by child classes to retrieve the data from specific cache storage.

protected abstract mixed|false getValue ( $key )
$key string

A unique key identifying the cached value

return mixed|false

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired. Most often value is a string. If you have disabled $serializer, it could be something else.

getValues() protected 方法

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

The default implementation calls getValue() multiple times to retrieve the cached values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multiget, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array getValues ( $keys )
$keys array

A list of keys identifying the cached values

return array

A list of cached values indexed by the keys

init() public 方法

初始化对象.

在使用给定的配置初始化对象之后, 在构造函数的末尾调用此方法.

public void init ( )
madd() public 方法
弃用 This method is an alias for multiAdd() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be preserved.

public array madd ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

mget() public 方法
弃用 This method is an alias for multiGet() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

Some caches (such as memcache, apc) allow retrieving multiple cached values at the same time, which may improve the performance. In case a cache does not support this feature natively, this method will try to simulate it.

public array mget ( $keys )
$keys string[]

List of string keys identifying the cached values

return array

List of cached values corresponding to the specified keys. The array is returned in terms of (key, value) pairs. If a value is not cached or expired, the corresponding array value will be false.

mset() public 方法
弃用 This method is an alias for multiSet() and will be removed in 2.1.0.

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public array mset ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

multiAdd() public 方法 (可用自版本: 2.0.7)

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be preserved.

public array multiAdd ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

multiGet() public 方法 (可用自版本: 2.0.7)

Retrieves multiple values from cache with the specified keys.

Some caches (such as memcache, apc) allow retrieving multiple cached values at the same time, which may improve the performance. In case a cache does not support this feature natively, this method will try to simulate it.

public array multiGet ( $keys )
$keys string[]

List of string keys identifying the cached values

return array

List of cached values corresponding to the specified keys. The array is returned in terms of (key, value) pairs. If a value is not cached or expired, the corresponding array value will be false.

multiSet() public 方法 (可用自版本: 2.0.7)

Stores multiple items in cache. Each item contains a value identified by a key.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public array multiSet ( $items, $duration 0, $dependency null )
$items array

The items to be cached, as key-value pairs.

$duration integer

Default number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached items. If the dependency changes, the corresponding values in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return array

Array of failed keys

offsetExists() public 方法

Returns whether there is a cache entry with a specified key.

This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public boolean offsetExists ( $key )
$key string

A key identifying the cached value

offsetGet() public 方法

Retrieves the value from cache with a specified key.

This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public mixed offsetGet ( $key )
$key string

A key identifying the cached value

return mixed

The value stored in cache, false if the value is not in the cache or expired.

offsetSet() public 方法

Stores the value identified by a key into cache.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value will be replaced with the new ones. To add expiration and dependencies, use the set() method. This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public void offsetSet ( $key, $value )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value mixed

The value to be cached

offsetUnset() public 方法

Deletes the value with the specified key from cache This method is required by the interface ArrayAccess.

public void offsetUnset ( $key )
$key string

The key of the value to be deleted

set() public 方法

Stores a value identified by a key into cache.

If the cache already contains such a key, the existing value and expiration time will be replaced with the new ones, respectively.

public boolean set ( $key, $value, $duration null, $dependency null )
$key mixed

A key identifying the value to be cached. This can be a simple string or a complex data structure consisting of factors representing the key.

$value mixed

The value to be cached

$duration integer

Default duration in seconds before the cache will expire. If not set, default $defaultDuration value is used.

$dependency yii\caching\Dependency

Dependency of the cached item. If the dependency changes, the corresponding value in the cache will be invalidated when it is fetched via get(). This parameter is ignored if $serializer is false.

return boolean

Whether the value is successfully stored into cache

setValue() protected abstract 方法

Stores a value identified by a key in cache.

This method should be implemented by child classes to store the data in specific cache storage.

protected abstract boolean setValue ( $key, $value, $duration )
$key string

The key identifying the value to be cached

$value mixed

The value to be cached. Most often it's a string. If you have disabled $serializer, it could be something else.

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached value will expire. 0 means never expire.

return boolean

True if the value is successfully stored into cache, false otherwise

setValues() protected 方法

Stores multiple key-value pairs in cache.

The default implementation calls setValue() multiple times store values one by one. If the underlying cache storage supports multi-set, this method should be overridden to exploit that feature.

protected array setValues ( $data, $duration )
$data array

Array where key corresponds to cache key while value is the value stored

$duration integer

The number of seconds in which the cached values will expire. 0 means never expire.

return array

Array of failed keys